1. He was the 14th child to his parents. Ambedkar’s original surname was Ambavadekar (derived from the name of his native village ‘Ambavade’ in Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra). It was his teacher, Mahadev Ambedkar who changed his surname from ‘Ambavadekar’ to his own surname ‘Ambedkar’ in school records as he was very fond of him.
2. He is the only an Indian who is world’s 1st talented person, according to Cambridge University, England 2011.
3. Babasaheb Ambedkar was the first Indian to pursue an Economics doctorate degree abroad.
4. He was the 1st Indian who graduated DSc in Economics.
5. Also he was the 1st Ph.D in Economics and 1st double doctorate in Economics holder in South Asia.
6. RBI was conceptualized on 1st April 1935 by the guidelines from Babasaheb Ambedkar’s book “Problem of Rupee:its origin and its solutions”.
7. Indians have the right to vote without bias in gender or caste or class or literacy or religion. It was Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar who voiced as the first person in India for the ‘Universal Adult Franchise’ before the Southborough Commission.
8. Savior of labours, brought 8 hours of duty for labours in India. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar changed the working time from 12 hours to 8 hours in the 7th session of Indian Labour Conference in New Delhi, November 27, 1942 which became a light for workers in India.
9. Revolutionary Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was the first person who brought “Equal pay for equal work irrespective of the sex” in India in terms of Industrial workers as a Labour Minister in the Viceroy executive council.
10. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar framed many laws for women workers in India such as ‘Mines Maternity Benefit Act’, ‘Women Labour Welfare Fund’, ‘Women and Child Labour Protection Act’, ‘Maternity Benefit for Women Labour’, and ‘Restoration of Ban on Employment of Women on Underground Work in Coal Mines’.
11. Employees State Insurance (ESI) helps the workers with medical care, medical leave, physical disability caused due to injuries sustained during work, workmen’s compensation and for the provision of various facilities. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar enacted and brought it for the benefit of workers. India was the first nation among East Asian countries to bring Insurance Act for the well-being of employees.
12. ‘Dearness Allowance’ (DA) & ‘Leave Benefit’ and ‘Revision of Scale of Pay’ were introduced by Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar.
13. Ambedkar resigned from his post of the first law minister of India when the comprehensive Hindu Code Bill was dropped by the Indian parliament. The bill had two main purposes – first, to elevate the social status of Hindu women by giving them their due rights and second, to abrogate social disparities and caste inequalities.
14. In his book (published in 1995), Thoughts on Linguistic States, Ambedkar suggested splitting Madhya Pradesh and Bihar. A good 45 years after he originally wrote the book, the split finally came with the formation of Jharkhand out of Bihar and Chhattisgarh out of Madhya Pradesh in the year 2000
15. As Labour Member of the Viceroy’s Council, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar initiated programs to increase the productivity of workers, by providing them with education and important skills required for performing jobs better, health care and maternity leave provisions for women workers.
16. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar set up the ‘Tripartite Labour Council’ in 1942 to safeguard social security measures for the workers, giving equal opportunity to the workers and employers to participate in the formulation of labour policy and strengthening the labour movement by introducing compulsory recognition of trade unions and worker organizations.
17. A 20-page autobiographical story written by Ambedkar in 1935-36 (after his return from America and Europe), Waiting for a Visa is a book that draws from his experiences with untouchability, starting from his childhood. The book is used as a textbook in the Columbia University.
18. Labour was placed in the ‘Concurrent List’, ‘Chief and Labour Commissioners’ were appointed, the ‘Labour Investigation Committee’ was formed – credit for all these goes to Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar.
19. If workers can go on strike for their rights, it is because of Babasaheb Ambedkar – he had clearly recognised the ‘Right to Strike’ by the workers.
20. On 8th November, 1943 Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar brought the ‘Indian Trade Unions (Amendment) Bill’ for compulsory recognition of trade unions.
21. He was the pioneer of Multipurpose river projects in India. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was the creator of Damodar Valley project, Bhakra-Nangal Dam project, Sone River Valley project and Hirakud dam project. In 1945, under the chairmanship of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, it was decided to invest in the potential benefits of controlling the Mahanadi for multi- purpose use.
22. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar emphasized on the significance and need for the “Grid System ” which is still working successfully even today. If today power engineers are going abroad for training, the credit goes to Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar again, who as a leader of labour Department formulated the policy to trained best engineers overseas.
23. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar established “Central Technical Power Board ” (CTPB) for power system development, hydro power station sites, hydro electric surveys, analyzing problem of electricity generation and thermal power station investigation.
24. Babasaheb Ambedkar opposed Article 370 in the Constitution, which gives a special status to the State of Jammu and Kashmir, and it was put against his wishes.
25. Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar resigned from the post of the first Law Minister of India when his noble ‘Hindu Code Bill’ a women’s Rights for Indian Women dropped by then Prime Minister Nehru.The contribution of Dr.Babasaheb for women empowerment in India is totally ignored and hiding. For three years, he fought to get the Bill passed. It was the greatest ever social reform in India. It is nothing but declaration of women rights. It spoke of giving back dignity to Indian women and giving equal rights to men and women.
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